Jul 9, 2019 - How to Plant a Blueberry Bush for Cross-Pollination. Moreover, you need to fill these pots with a potting mix that is designed for plants which require acidic soil to grow. Space bushes 4–5 feet apart in a row, with at least 8 feet between rows. With up to 16 individual flowers developing from each bud every flower a potential berry, pollination needs in blueberries are great. Blueberry & Bilberry Growing Guide. Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) bushes are self-pollinating to an extent, but grow larger fruit through cross-pollination by a second variety. Tip: Be careful not to plant them too deeply. Center a blueberry bush in the planting hole. If you can't locate an acid-based potting soil, mix your own with half peat moss and half sand. To determine how far apart you should plant your Blueberries, find the mature width of the Blueberry varieties you have chosen. Next Up. I've read that, if you want good pollination, you should plant different varieties of blueberry plants at most 100 feet from one another. Water new blueberry bush transplants thoroughly with a garden hose. Blueberries need well-draining acidic soil. Apple: Cross pollination always needed to produce adequate fruit crop. A wide hole will be more important than a deep one. Dig a hole twice as wide as a blueberry bush's root ball and the same depth as the nursery container. Strip flower buds when planting to encourage first year growth. Space plants 4 to 6 feet (1.5 to 2 m.) apart in a sunny location and plant them at the depth they were originally planted or deeper in amended garden beds. Bees and wind help bushes to cross-pollinate, although the bushes need to be near each other to be productive. If you are going to plant the blueberry bushes in pots, you must make sure that the pots are big enough. When Should You Fertilize Blueberry Bushes? Blueberries may also be grown apart, so that each bush is individually identifiable. Growing 5-6', their productive season is July-August, but they also enliven the garden with blazing crimson foliage in fall. You may choose to grow your blueberry shrubs close enough to form a screen or fence, dividing your property from another. Dwarf varieties may be planted in containers. (You need two kinds for cross-pollination, three being even better.) Blueberry flowers are bell-shaped and hang facing the ground. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Blueberry plant spacing determines whether you want to grow a solid hedge or an open planting design for individual shrubs. of space between your other plants. Irrigate plants thoroughly once or twice a week for the first year, and then add water once a week for a longer period after they are established. Because blueberry pollen is heavy and sticky, it cannot be carried by the wind like other pollens. Plant rabbiteye varieties every 6 ft in the row and 10-12 ft between rows. A large, healthy blueberry plant produces thousands of flower buds every year. Protect the berries from birds by placing netting over the plants. These are Highbush, and Rabbiteye blueberries. I'm referring specifically to rabbiteye blueberries. Fruit of Your Labor: Growing Blueberries. Wait until the plant’s fourth or fifth year to allow plants to produce a full crop of blueberries. Increase the amount of fertilizer by 1 ounce per year up to 6 ounces in the spring. The rootball should be just below the surface (one-quarter to one-half inch). Mid-Season? Plant 1.2-1.5m (4-5ft) apart. • Mid-Season: Fruit ripens mid-July. 2. Spacing not only considers the distance between plants but also the distance between rows of plants, if you want to harvest lots of delicious blueberries. Wait until the plant’s fourth or fifth year to allow plants to produce a full crop of blueberries. Blueberry bushes are easy to grow, have few problems if any, with attractive glossy green leaves in summer turning a beautiful red in fall. Strip flower buds when planting to encourage first year growth. Pinch off small fruit in the first year. In the spring of the first two years, remove all flower clusters to allow the plant to establish itself well. Set plants 4-8 feet apart (3 feet apart for hedges). The hole should be no more than 5 feet from another blueberry bush; proximity is necessary for cross-pollination. Plant at least two blueberry varieties that bloom in each of the seasons -- early, mid-season and late -- for a prolonged harvest period during the year. Your blueberries must be planted in late winter or early spring, at the very start of the growing season. Pollen is produced for up to 5 days. Culture: Well-drained, acidic soil in full sun is essential, and a site with good air circulation can help to prevent fungal problems. Give Blueberry Bushes plenty of space to grow. What to Plant. Mulch four inches deep and twenty-four to thirty-six inches around honeyberry bushes before winter comes. And if you're growing highbush blueberries in rows, space the rows 10 feet apart. Water the plants regularly during the growing season. In most areas, it’s ideal to plant blueberries in the fall or spring. These guys love to cross-pollinate, too, so don't be afraid to plant a cultivar with it, usually around 60 feet apart. If you plant in your garden, be sure to leave 10ft. If you're growing highbush blueberry, space plants 4 feet apart. Water the granules in thoroughly until they melt. If you are planting several rows of blueberries, space each bush 5 feet apart and space the rows at least 10 feet apart. After that, a healthy plant can produce berries for more than 40 years. Mary Lougee has been writing for over 10 years. grown in Australia and New Zealand. After that, a healthy plant can produce berries for more than 40 years. Planting bushes closely makes it easier for wind pollination to happen, too. With time, they will grow together and no space will be visible between bushes. Blueberries grow well in U. S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 and above in well-drained soil and full sun. Unlike blueberries, raspberry plants are self-fertile and do not require a pollinator. Warning. It may help a little if you have more than 2 bushes though. View Mode. Set plants 4-8' apart and make sure the soil is acidic. Are Champion Tomatoes Determinate Plants? Cross Pollinate? Plant 1 1/2 low bush blueberry shrubs per person. Use the mature size plus at least 1 foot to measure out your planting area. Water regularly the first year but allow the top surface of the soil to dry out in between irrigation periods. Once the bush has been planted, a layer of mulch spread over the top of the soil beneath the bush will retain moisture. Space the plants approximately 5 feet apart in rows approximately 16 feet apart, and only a couple inches deep due to their shallow roots. Highbush blueberry plants typically produce ripe fruit from mid- or late July until mid-August. 2. Identification of Worms on Blueberry Bushes, How to Transplant Blueberries With Peat Moss, Marin Master Gardeners: Blueberries; Big, Blue and Not Wild Anymore, Alabama Cooperative Extension System: Rabbiteye Blueberries, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service: Pollination of Fruits and Nuts. When planting without mulch, plant 1-2 inches deeper to allow for soil settling, firm the soil around the plant with your feet and water thoroughly. Moreover, they must also have enough drainage holes. Both varieties of blueberries involved in cross-pollination need to have bloom times that are at the same time of the season to be successful. Make each hole as deep as the berry plant's root system and twice as wide. Beds for your blueberries should be at least 3 to 4 feet wide, and will ideally be 12 to 18 inches tall. Set plants 4 to 6 feet apart within rows, or 2 to 4 feet for smaller varieties, especially half-high plants. Use a mixture of garden soil and peat moss in equal parts to build up the raised bed. Tabasco Sauce Sprayed on Fruit to Keep Squirrels Away. Additions of organic matter like peat moss will improve the drainage of your natural soil and over time will have an acidifying effect. Forming your rows of blueberry bushes on raised beds will give the plants extra drainage and will improve circulation. This is the same depth that the bush was growing in the nursery container. Blueberry plants require pollination from at least one other blueberry variety; plant several varieties for improved fruit set and long harvest. We show you how Coconut Coir can be used as the ideal potting media to plant Blueberry Plants. 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