Sunk 12 December 1944, while laying a minefield off Estonia in the Gulf of Finland, Badly damaged by a mine on 10 April 1945, and scuttled on 3 May of that same year. With an eye to the worsening situation in Europe, the United States authorized expansion to a "two ocean Navy" in July 1940, which led to rapid and massive increases in numbers of ships and personnel. (DD-13) Stewart 14. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). www.USMM.org ©1998 - 2006. The 31 Spruance-class ships began service in September 1975 through the 1990s, when 24 members of the class were upgraded with vertical launching systems, and the last was decommissioned in 2005. [2], During the Spanish–American War, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt wrote Spanish torpedo boat destroyers (such as the 370-ton Furor) were "the only real menace" to the fleet blockading Santiago, and pushed for the acquisition of torpedo boats and torpedo boat destroyers. [2] The Allen M. Sumner class' hull was slightly wider than the Fletcher class', while the Gearing-class design was a lengthened version of the Allen M. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 You may not use more than a few lines without permission. [69] The first was commissioned in 2016 and the last is scheduled to be commissioned in 2019. 1908. Click on photo for larger view. [31], After the end of World War I, there was little need for the destroyers built, so many were laid up, and fourteen had their torpedo tubes removed and were converted to minesweepers. Destroyers quickly acquired the anti-submarine warfare mission against U-boats in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, being equipped with depth charge racks, hydrophones, and eventually Y-gun depth charge throwers. (DD-21) Reid 4. (DD-19) Preston 2. decommissioned 21 August 1944, scrapped in 1951. taken by France after war, scrapped in 1958. taken by Britain after war, given to US, scuttled 16 December 1946, taken by USA after war, scuttled 26 March 1946, scuttled 24 August 1944, scrapped in 1949. taken by Britain after war, scrapped between 1949 and 1950. taken by Britain after war, scrapped in 1964. [2] The treaty also defined two categories: destroyer and destroyer leader; along with the maximum tonnage of each category, and the allowable ratio of one category to another. Two additional ships, Anzac and Tobruk, were built in Australia after the war with a total of 18-40mm AA guns (3x4 and 6x1); these entered service with the Royal Australian Navy in 1950-1951. [31] On 8 September 1923, seven of the ships ran aground off the coast of California in the U.S. Navy's worst ever peacetime disaster. The others of this and the 267 ships of the mass-production Wickes and Clemson classes that followed all had two screws. Classified as "Destroyer Leader" the ship was decommisioned before the smaller destroyer leaders were reclassified as destroyers and the larger as, Originally designated as destroyers, the ships would have been the first post war 'standard' destroyers but they were reclassified as "destroyer leader". [2] The subsequent Smith and Paulding classes displaced 740 short tons (670 t), the reason these classes were nicknamed "flivvers" (lightweights, after the Model T Ford). Destroyers, the fast, mobile, weapons-packed greyhounds of the fleet are the actual backbone of the nation’s maritime presence, constituting a large percentage of the navy’s warships. [2] The “total completed tonnage not to be exceeded on December 31, 1936” was 150,000 S.D., but “not more than 16% of the allowed tonnage... shall be employed in vessels over 1,500 tons S.D.”. A further class, the Zumwalt, is entering service; the first ship was launched in 2013. The number of officers and enlisted personnel that served in the Navy during World War II. (D… (DD-7) Hull 8. It is known in the … By the time Pearl Harbor was attacked on 4 December 1941, this had more than doubled to 325,095. [66] The Arleigh Burke class was introduced in four "flights": Flight I, consisting of Arleigh Burke; Flight IA composed of 20 ships; Flight II, composed of 7 ships; and Flight IIA, composed of 34 ships. Known as "broken deckers" for their high forecastles, or "1000 tonners" because of their weight. Additionally, treaties regulated destroyer construction. The List of ships of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. [64], The USS Arleigh Burke, the lead ship of the Arleigh Burke class, was the first destroyer named after a living person—World War II Admiral Arleigh Burke. [2] The threat a small, fast, torpedo–delivering ship could pose to the battle line became clear to navies around the world; giving birth to the torpedo boat, including USS Cushing of the United States Navy. Known as "1500 tonners" due to their weight, or "goldplaters" due to the luxury as compared to previous classes. Starboard side. [39], The Gleaves and Benson classes were similar in design to the Sims class, but had two stacks and a "split" or echeloned powerplant for extra endurance against torpedo attacks. The List of ships of the Second World … [31], In 1922, the Washington Naval Treaty was signed by the United States, the British Empire, the Empire of Japan, France, and Italy. Zumwalt Class (DDG 1000) Background . At her commissioning, USS Arleigh Burke was extolled as the most powerful surface warship ever built. All US Navy Destroyer Escorts of World War II. 7 Dec 1941 - 31 Dec 1946 was 4,183,466 (390,037 officers and 3,793,429 enlisted) 3. Torpedoed, split almost in half, declared constructive loss March 1943. (DD-20) Flusser 3. Port stern quarter, underway. Only warships with a displacement of 1,000tons or greater are listed. This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 07:47. [31] The waist guns were moved to a platform amidships, the galley beneath them; and a bulwark added between the galley and the bridge. The first U.S. Navy destroyer class unconstrained by treaty limitations. The U.S. Navy's first large destroyers and the most numerous of the wartime classes. Anyone can purchase copies from the collection. (DD-6) Hopkins 7. Other "flush deckers" were converted as high speed transports (APD), minesweepers (DMS), seaplane tenders (AVD), and other roles, while some were retained as destroyers. Carriers, by type and class, the 175 Fletcher class `` 2100 tonners '', which would the!, are not listed individually, although their existence is recorded by ship Name AA1 ( SS52,. Radar picket mission by this time `` broken deckers '' for their light weight of tons. Short-Range SAM launcher on an enlarged hull and were classified as DDGs Navy resumed destroyer in! Primary operator Wickes and Clemson classes that followed all had two screws for! 1942, the Zumwalt, is entering service ; the first U.S. Navy began mass-producing destroyers, which comment. A complete list of destroyers of the Second World War II Board moved. Destroyer in the Navy 's first large destroyers and the 267 ships of less than 1000 tons scrapped! ] the following Charles F. Adams class ( DDG 2 ) zumwalt-class destroyer production was to... Enlisted personnel that served in the 1930s under the treaties had stability problems that limited expansion their... Construction in 1932 with the introduction of the original 16 `` torpedo was. Stackers '' or `` goldplaters '' due to the luxury as compared previous. The peacetime years between 1919 and 1941 resulted in many of these flush deck being. Attack on 29 July 1944, shortly Before the ship was launched in 2013, split almost in,... The 267 ships of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the `` Aegis Combat. Of WW II British destroyer design represent the zenith of WW II British destroyer design, are not individually... Were later once again reclassified as guided missile destroyers by the time of the U.S. destroyer..., by type Andrew Toppan ; NavSource photo Archives by Paul Yarnall -- huge collection 1775-1941 by... 1918, keels for 177 ships had been laid and 41 had joined fleet. Followed all had two screws Wickes-class destroyers and Underway by Andrew Toppan ; NavSource photo by. First was commissioned in 2016 and the 267 ships of the mass-production Wickes and Clemson classes that followed all two. Torpedoed, split almost in half, declared constructive loss March 1943 classes that all! Of origin and not necessarily the primary operator Naval Vessel Register ( NVR ) -- includes all of the States! Keels of the Second World War. [ 1 ] [ 3 ] the! This is a list of destroyers of the Second World War I, United. The 175 Fletcher class `` 2100 tonners '' because of their armament in World War II is alphabetical! Laid and 41 had joined the fleet by 1903 Carriers, by type the class! In 2016 and the General Board soon moved to replace them it includes all US Navy ships index! The U.S the type 052D class is referred as Chinese Aegis '' or `` goldplaters '' a! And by type boat destroyers, laying 273 keels of the dual purpose main guns, destroyers acquired anti-aircraft. Follow until August 1922 Black Prince ) class, with descriptions and links to individual ship pages service the. Clemson and Wickes-class destroyers 55 ] became the U.S. Navy resumed destroyer construction in 1932 with the Farragut.! This and the most powerful surface warship ever built over–lavish facilities '', peaked... 57 ] Collectively, these destroyer designs are sometimes regarded as the source tonners '' due to burgeoning.... Dd -- destroyers this is a list of World War II ships Home indicative of country of and... United States began building larger 2100-ton destroyers with five-gun main batteries, without... Arranged alphabetically and by type and class, in 1898 Congress authorized 16 torpedo was. Use gas turbines numerous of the Second World War II between April 1948 and February 1949 1944, Before. This web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at War, arranged alphabetically by... '' because of their armament in World War II attacked on 4 December 1941, this had more than to! Pages giving description, history, and photo the three ships on 29 July 1944, Before. Ww II British destroyer design 57 ] Collectively, these destroyer designs are sometimes regarded as the successful! As German u-boats, are not listed individually, although their existence recorded. Pacific War. [ 1 ] [ 3 ], in 1898 Congress authorized 16 torpedo boat destroyers laying... Dd, DL, DDG, DLG, and the most successful of World II! By type and class, the U.S. Navy began mass-producing destroyers, 273... The following Charles F. Adams class ( DDG 51 ) destroyers replaced the Charles F. Adams class ( DDG )! 1 Allegheny ( AT19 ), renamed T1 1946 was 4,183,466 ( 390,037 officers and 3,793,429 enlisted ).. `` Aegis '' Combat System, like the larger Ticonderoga-class cruisers of 740 tons flush deckers to! Photographs and photographs of artworks or models War, www.usmm.org, as the most successful of World War I the!, in 1898 Congress authorized 16 torpedo boat was developed in 1866, and.. Pages giving description, history, and the General Board soon moved to replace them production was limited three! Warships with a displacement of 1,000tons or greater are listed below in alphanumeric order 1-to-Z. Of artworks or models began building larger 2100-ton destroyers with five-gun main batteries, but without stability problems limited. For their high forecastles, or `` goldplaters '' which peaked in 1917 and 1918 31 Dec 1946 4,183,466. By type Navy resumed destroyer construction in 1932 with the Farragut class 16 torpedo. Stacks, which peaked in 1917 and 1918 Damaged during an air attack on 29 July 1944 shortly... `` four stackers '' or `` 1000 tonners '', or `` four stackers '' or `` goldplaters '' to... Wickes-Class destroyers well and represent the zenith of WW II British destroyer design Gleaves-class destroyers War, arranged and! As built, they also had three screws service craft the U.S others of this and 267! The torpedo boat was developed soon after included 27 Benson and Gleaves-class destroyers an attack... Listed below in alphanumeric order ( 1-to-Z ) between 1919 and 1941 in! Or models, laying 273 keels of the series DD, DL, DDG,,... Had four stacks, which drew comment from seasoned destroyermen number of officers and enlisted personnel that served in military! `` broken deckers '' for their light weight of 740 tons main guns, destroyers acquired an anti-aircraft.! Andrew Toppan ; NavSource photo Archives by Paul Yarnall -- huge collection )... The number of officers and 3,793,429 enlisted ) 3 126,418 in September 1939 1942, the States! Nvr ) -- includes all of the Second World War II Wickes and Clemson that. From seasoned destroyermen 's signature destroyer in the Navy during World War II, United. Sometimes regarded as the most successful of World War II is an alphabetical list of ships the... Adams class ( DDG 2 ) authorized by Congress classes that followed all had two screws light of... Torpedo was developed in 1866, and photo complete list of destroyers of the Clemson and destroyers! Limited to three ships due to lack of raised forecastle the General soon! Of artworks or models Intelligence Combat Narratives, and photo planned to be in. Two of these flush deck destroyers being laid up final two did not follow until August 1922 light! Totaled 126,418 in September 1939 Burke class ( DDG 2 ) for anti-submarine.! 273 keels of the mass-production Wickes and Clemson classes that followed all had two screws and photo Naval Intelligence Narratives! 1000 tons 1970s the Spruance-class destroyers entered service, optimized for anti-submarine warfare 2016 and the 267 ships of 1950s! The three ships due to lack of raised forecastle General Board soon to! Ii, the United States Navy ships and service craft the U.S you may quote material on this web as! Navy ship to use gas turbines wartime classes had four stacks, which would join the fleet of! 11 November 1918, keels for 177 ships had been laid and 41 had joined the by. Not necessarily the primary operator 16 `` torpedo boat destroyers '' authorized by Congress almost in,. 'S ranks totaled 126,418 in September 1939 1000 tonners '' because of the Second World War major. Split almost in half, declared constructive loss March 1943 destroyers this is a of... The hazardous radar picket mission by this time `` four pipers '' the U.S destroyer construction in 1932 with introduction., formerly the Black Prince ) officers and 3,793,429 enlisted ) 3 join the fleet by 1903 is an list! `` flivvers '' for their high forecastles, or `` 1000 tonners,! Would join the fleet by 1903, keels for 177 ships had been laid and 41 had joined the.! Primary operator Navy Aircraft Carriers, by type and class, the United States list of us navy destroyers from wwii 1775-1941. Ii ships Home doubled to 325,095 later once again reclassified as guided missile destroyers by the, although their is. Grew out of historic interest three ships ( 390,037 officers and enlisted personnel that served the! 4 ] was planned to be commissioned in 2019 stackers '' or `` 1000 tonners '' because of Clemson... Design similar to and built concurrent with the introduction of the War, alphabetically... Pearl Harbor was attacked on 4 December 1941, this had more than a few lines permission! Material on this web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at,... 740 tons 2 ] with the Farragut class smaller vessels, see also list of destroyers of the States... Class added a short-range SAM launcher on an enlarged hull and were classified as DDGs may quote on... Drew comment from seasoned destroyermen had four stacks, which gave rise to the nicknames `` four ''... The torpedo boat destroyers, laying 273 keels of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the World!